Introduction to Gardening


We define gardening as taking care of a plant’s needs, including sunlight, water intake, nutrition, ventilation, temperature, etc. Usually, a plot is focused on where bright-coloured plants and herbs grow, making the aura around them pleasant. This might sound simple, but getting used to the right ways and terms regarding gardening requires knowledge and practice.

Many people fulfil this passion with new and innovative ideas and methods to enhance this experience. However, you might think, what is innovative gardening? What are some gardening tips in general? We’ll be discussing those in this article.

Let’s jump right into it!

Types of gardens

Before you start your plant growing project, it’s necessary to look at the different types of gardens. This information makes gardening a lot easier and brings out new methods if you’re going for innovative gardening. The first step is to decide the right type according to the available space and your preference.

1. Flower gardens

Trees and shrubs are the main highlights of this type of garden, with a contrast of colours to please the eye. Selecting those trees and plants that will fit in the space is vital. A medium-sized garden is sufficient enough to practice this type of gardening. Make sure not to plant large trees as they can take up the whole space.

Usually, groups of flowers are planted at the front of the garden. Other species are grown on the sides to make this gardening experience the best, as this type requires less maintenance.

2. Rock gardens

As its name suggests, this gardening method or type is practised on rocky hills or slopes. The larger rocks are on the sides, and the direction in which plants are planted is also crucial. Those requiring less sunlight usually face north and vice versa.

The most commonly used rocks are limestone and sandstone. The rocks make a beautiful border around the plants making gardening a simple task.

3. Water gardens

One of the oldest gardening types is to have a water garden. It is basically to have a watering system in the centre of your garden with the supply extending to all the plants. The plants used for this should be well oxygenating, so the water is always evident. 

Water lilies are mainly used, which is commonly followed in Japan and European countries.

4. Vegetable and herb gardens

These gardens might also include plants and herbs used for medicinal purposes. This type of gardening is practised in warm regions, so the herbs and vegetables should have a sunny position.

Good cultivation is crucial for vegetable gardening so that the yield is as planned.

Gardening principles that you need to know

These are the basic principles you need to know for gardening:


The medium on which your garden will flourish is known as the soil, which should have all the minerals and nutrients needed for plant growth. There are a lot of elements in the soil that the plant takes up through its roots. 

Soil can be divided into different types according to its usefulness. However, most of the areas have a mixture of different types.


Giving your plants water according to their needs is one of the significant components of gardening. It requires you to monitor the condition of your plant as there is no set schedule for doing so. 

Make sure not to overwater your garden as the plants might rot. A sound drainage system makes water absorption efficient and is an important point to pay attention to.


Providing nutrients to your garden artificially can be done by fertilizing. There are a lot of fertilizers that contain the correct elements to nourish your plant correctly. Using manure for this is also a good option.

Excess use of fertilizers can cause chemical deposition in the soil leading to adverse effects on your garden and interfering with your gardening.

Cutting and pruning

Shaping your plant to grow it in the right direction and a proper way is necessary as your garden also needs a regular makeover. The right equipment, such as scissors, is necessary to prune the plants.


Using herbicides and pesticides can prevent damage to your garden as it can save it from attacks.

What is innovative gardening?

This gardening includes ideas and practices that make gardening easier and enhance plant breeding. Some of the commonly used ideas in innovative gardening are:

  • Using a shipping container shed
  • Bringing the inside out 
  • Having a wildlife garden
  • Using pots and raised flowerbeds
  • Installing lights in your garden


Gardening requires a lot of effort but having the proper knowledge and guidelines makes every task simpler. Deciding on the correct type of garden and knowing the basic principles help you carry out the proper steps and avoids trouble.

In innovative gardening, you must use your creativity and bright ideas to have a better experience.

Happy Gardening!

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